It is possible to distribute data processing among many computers to prevent a computer from being overloaded with processing tasks. Many software providers offer site licenses for networks,which can significantly reduce the cost of the software. Online collaboration tools include email, forums and chat, voice and video, and instant messaging. The advantages and disadvantages of computer networking show us that free-flowing information helps a society to grow. The site license allows a group of people or an entire organization to usethe application for a single fee. The connections you have with all your friendscan be called your personal network. e. Networking provides a flexible networking environment. The purpose of the connection is mainly transfer or share data, share of resources such as printers, applications etc. Printing Services: This service produces shared access to valuable printing devices. A host is any device that sends and receives information on the network. Network devices connect through various connections: • Copper wiring: uses electrical signals to transmit data between devices. The Advantages of a Network; The Advantages of a Network . Computer network can be classified on the basis of following features : By Scale: Computer networks may be classified according to the scale : • Local Area Network (LAN) • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) • Wide Area Network (WAN), By Connection Method: Computer networks can also be classified according to the hardware technology that is used to connect the individual devices in the network such as Optical fibre, Ethernet, Wireless LAN. The public transport system is similar to a data network. The servers store the data and share it with the users of a network. Confidential or essential data can be protected and shared with users who have permission to access such data. • Fiber optic cabling: uses plastic or glass cable, also called fiber, to transport information as the light emitted. a. A host is any device that sends and receives information on the network. The Network is the interconnection between computers, laptops, servers, smartphones and other network devices for communication, data sharing, data transporting, data exchanging, operations. • Wireless connection: uses radio signals, infrared (laser) technology, or satellite transmissions. Centralized administration reduces the number of people needed to manage devices and data on the network, allowing the company to save time and money. Resources such as printers, scanners and internet can be shared. A computer network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources such as printers and CD-ROMs, exchange files, or allow electronic communications. Network topology refers to the arrangement of computers connected in a network through some physical medium such as cable, optical fiber etc. Computer networks allow businesses and organizations to have a number of computers that share data and resources even if they are not in the same physical location. Message Services: This service facilitates email, voice mails and coordinate object oriented applications. 3. Network services are the thing that a network can do. The following are the distinct notes in favor of computer network. Submitted by Abhishek Jain, on August 11, 2017 . File Services: This includes file transfer, storage, data migration, file update, synchronization and achieving. This classification also called computer architecture. The major networking services are. Document tracking software can be used toprevent users from overwriting or modifying files that other users are accessing at the same time. • Telephone system • Internet. • Print and file servers. Client-server Configurations. The computers on a computer network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves, satellites, or infrared light beams. A server manages network resources. Advantages of computer networking. Each driver defines the starting point (origin) and the endpoint (destination). Cars, trucks, and other vehicles are like the messages that travel on the net. • Services, such as printing or scanning. Computer networks cause us to put all of our eggs in one basket. • Storage space on removable devices, such as hard drives or optical drives. It is possible to connect various types of devices to a network: • Desktop computers. Computer networks may be classified according to the network topology upon which the network is based, such as : • Bus Network • Star Network • Ring Network • Mesh Network • Star-Bus Network • Tree or Hierarchical Topology Network. A network can share many types of resources: • Services, such as printing or scanning. Connecting computers together on a network offers some advantages: 1. The print server can distribute print jobs among the various printers, or it can queue jobs that require a particular printer. Computer networks create more opportunities for information security. Networks offer various collaboration tools that can be used to establish communications between network users. 5. There’s no faster method of moving files between computers than a network connection. Assuming that proactive systems are developed and installed to counter the effects of the potential disadvantages, a computer network, at any level of connectivity, will help every society come closer to its full potential. Many of the networks connect through the Internet. Advantages of Network: These are main advantages of Computer Networks: Central Storage of Data – Files can be stored on a central node (the file server) that can be shared and made available to each and every user in an organization. Some devices can act as hosts and peripherals. Uses of Computer Networks. We’ll be covering the following topics in this tutorial: Networks constitute systems formed by links. For example, a printer connected to a laptop that is on a network acts as a peripheral. What is the difference between computer networks and network communications. Individual users of the network do not need to manage their data and devices. All converged networks of data, voice, and video share information and use various methods to direct the flow of information. According to the procedure of connection of the computers and range of area, there are many types of network available which are Peer-to-Peer Network, Server-based network, PAN (Personal Area Network… • Storage space on removable devices, such as hard drives or optical drives. For example, a, Computer networks are used globally in companies, homes, schools, and government agencies. If the printer is connected directly to a network device,such as a hub, a switch or a router, it acts as a host. Users of these computers can share programs, information, software, and even hardware like printers and scanners because the computers are linked through the network. If you have that unit off-line, then there is no way to access it unless you’re local and have the password for it. The benefits of networking on computers and other devices include low costs and higher productivity. The information on the network moves from one place to another, sometimes by different routes, to reach the correct destination. • Client-Server • Peer-to-Peer Architecture, By Functional Relationship (Network Architectures) : Computer networks may be classified according to the functional relationships which exist between the elements of the network. Every computer on the network does not need its printer, scanner, or backup device. • Mail delivery system. All Rights Reserved. • Explain the benefits of networking. A network can be as simple as two computers connected by a single cable or as complex as hundreds of computers connected to devices that control the flow of, All converged networks of data, voice, and video share, A data network consists of a set of hosts connected by network devices. Advantages and Disadvantages of Bus Network. Main benefits of networks include: File sharing - you can easily share data between different users, or access it remotely if you keep it on other connected devices. By completing this section, you achieve the following objectives: • Define its computer networks. • Applications, such as databases. The Network is the interconnection between computers, laptops, servers, smartphones and other network devices for communication, data sharing, data transporting, data exchanging, operations. We can access our data from any computer (like your student: drive at school) 5. What is Bus Topology? 3. Easy to communicate with people on the network (email, messaging, video-conferencing etc) 4. File transfer on a network. Duplication and file corruption are avoided, It is possible to distribute data processing among many computers to prevent a computer from being overloaded with processing tasks. An administrator can control the data, devices, and permissions of network users. It can help you make the most of your IT systems and equipment. It is possible to configure several printers in a central location and share them among network users. • Public Transportation System. 4. About Us | Contact Us | FAQ | Write for Us Dinesh Thakur is a Technology Columinist and founder of Computer Notes.Copyright © 2020.