More than 66% of the 20 million people in the world with sickle cell disease live in Africa. People with two copies of the sickle cell … If you or your partner has sickle cell anemia or the sickle cell trait, ask your doctor about this screening. Starting in 1970, life expectancy begins making a sharp increase, rising to around 14 years in 1973 and surging to more than 40 years by 2000. The disease is caused by a mutated version of the gene that helps make hemoglobin — a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells. In this case study on sickle cell anemia, students are introduced to some of the key researchers responsible for determining the molecular basis of the disease and learn about the functioning of erythrocytes as well as the notion that changes in the environment can influence the functioning of cells. Symptoms of sickle cell anemia include bacterial infections, arthritis, leg ulcers, fatigue, and lung and heart injury. The condition can cause extreme pain, life-threatening infections and … This graph shows the average life expectancy for people with sickle cell disease from 1900 to 2000. A Legacy of Excellence in Sickle Cell Disease Research—Extending Life Expectation. Sickle cell disease affects an increasing number of people but is still unknown to the general public. Sickle cell treatment is focused on managing and preventing the worst symptoms of the disease. The term 'incidence' of Sickle Cell Anemia means the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Sickle Cell Anemia diagnosed each year (i.e. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease with severe symptoms, including pain and anemia. Abstract. Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease with severe symptoms, including pain and anemia. Sickle cell disease can be diagnosed in an unborn baby by sampling some of the fluid surrounding the baby in the mother's womb (amniotic fluid). Treatment It is caused by an inherited abnormal hemoglobin that decreases life expectancy. getting Sickle Cell Anemia). Cases of doubtful sickle cell anemia were usually excluded. Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell disease) is a blood disease that shortens life expectancy. A case study: sickle cell anemia. A case study of the effects of mutation: Sickle cell anemia. Since 1945 cases of this type have been excluded by the routine utilization of the diagnostic parameter3 and studies of in vivo sickling.4 Subsequent re- ports will describe these latter findings in more detail. People with two copies of the sickle cell gene have the disease. The disease is caused by a mutated version of the gene that helps make hemoglobin — a protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells. Eight subjects below the age of twelve are included in this study.