Chrysanthemum (Ju Hua) Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. indicum A beautiful flower, chrysanthemum is a well known garden varietal. [by whom?] with help from It makes a welcome late summer and autumn show in borders and beds, with the added benefit of providing perfect cutting material for floral arrangements. [7], Author Wilhelm Miller writes, "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy[2] and hardy garden mum,[3] or in China juhua[4]) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. Chrysanthemum oil and extract have also been used in herbal medicine for their antibacterial and antibiotic properties. Richard Morris. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. (Chinese). People use it to treat respiratory problems, high blood pressure, and hyperthyroidism. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. You can buy traditional Chrysanthemum morifolium plants for your garden at Companion Plants. This florist’s favourite offers striking colours and various habits. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. Ajna Fern Joined thousands of cultivars developed independently in China and Japan, there is currently a huge complex cultivars (estimated from 20,000 to 30,000). If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Names of Chrysanthemum Morifolium in various languages of the world are also given. The first botanical description of the florists' chrysanthemum goes to Thomas d'Audibert de Ramatuelle. J. D. Yang is an expert in Chinese and integrative medicine and founder of Tao Integrative. In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. Ken Fern, There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. The plant can die from various diseases which include aster yellows, Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, and rotting of stem and roots, and even viruses. In the 16th century, the famous physician and herbalist Li Shizhen in his Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars. with the efficiency of relieving heat and expelling wind, clearing liver and improving vision, and cooling the internal heat and detoxifying the body, and usually used as an antiphlogistic and against cold, headache, vertigo, and conjunctivitis. Then use … He insists on distinguishing it from the Chrysanthemum indicum of Linnaeus with small yellow heads. The resulting beverage is known simply as chrysanthemum tea (菊 花 茶, pinyin: júhuā chá, in Chinese). You can also buy dried chrysanthemum blooms in health food and Asian groceries. For thousands of years it has been used in Asia. The many branches, which are silky and covered with a short down, form a dense tuft. Chrysanthemum Greens: If you’d like to experiment with cooking chrysanthemum greens, try growing Garland chrysanthemum, or Chrysanthemum coronarium. List of various diseases cured by Chrysanthemum Morifolium. Moreover, chrysanthemum could become a wise … The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. Ruth Schneebeli-Count: Flower Country China Volume 1 , Birkhäuser, 1995, "Chrysanthemum morifolium (Hardy garden mum)", "Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement",×_morifolium&oldid=987601342, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 02:58. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). Didier Bernard , The Golden Flower: Chrysanthemum, Its history – culture The main varieties , Gunten,October 15, 2008 (. The stems stand upright. How Chrysanthemum Morifolium is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. The tongue flowers can have in the many varieties of colors of green, white, or yellow, pink to purple. In complex total inflorescences are some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. It is mainly by looking at the leaves that one can know that it is a chrysanthemum. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. 10 Amazing Health Benefits of Chrysanthemum Tea. In China, this herb has symbolic meaning for longevity and is associated with legendary healing capabilities. [13], The plant is eaten by various aphids, capsid bugs, earwigs, leaf miners, nematodes, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for chrysanthemum. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. Enriched with anti-inflammatory properties, chrysanthemum tea is a safe and natural source to alleviate throat swelling and irritation. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. Consuming a warm cup of the tea can prevent risks associated with inflammation and infection due to numerous nutrients found in it. Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed. The chrysanthemum was first cultivated in China as a flowering herb and both the leaves and the flowers are mentioned in medical texts in published around 500 A.D. 1. It comes in huge color variations, such as dark red flowers, pink, white, orange, and yellow.. It is famous for circular, almost layered petal formations. Essential oil extracted from the chrysanthemum plant has long been used as an all-natural organic pesticide and insect repellent. [11] In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. Volume 20–21: Asteraceae , Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis, 2011. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Contact with parts of plants may in some cases cause skin irritation and allergies. Flos chrysanthemum (FL) is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Medicinal Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[238. Chrysanthemum Flower is renowned for treating different health problems. Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province. “Chinese medicine categorizes herbs based on energetic properties rather than the chemical ingr… Yellow or white chrysanthemum flowers of the species C. morifolium are boiled to make a tea in some parts of East Asia. A beautiful flower, chrysanthemum is a well known garden varietal. Chrysanthemum. The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. Liu Meng (劉蒙),[5]:296–97 the author of a "Chrysanthemum Treatise" (菊譜),[5]:242 classifies the chrysanthemums according to their colors: the normal ones are yellow, then come the whites, the purples and finally the reds.