He strove to exploit new technology in a way that was based on good science and good sense. Noel Vietmeyer’s Our Daily Bread, a gripping, touching, meticulously researched biography of Norman Borlaug, the plant breeder known as the Father of the Green Revolution, accurately portrays the kind of nobility, idealism and courage epitomized by Jimmy Stewart in the title role of “Mr. His work on food production averted a humanitarian disaster. We are part of The Royal Institution of Australia, a charity dedicated to connecting people with the world of science – a financial contribution, however big or small, helps us to provide access to free, trusted science information at a time when the world needs it most. The governments of Pakistan and Egypt tried to sabotage Borlaug's work. You are going to have to work as hard as you can just to keep up with them.”. His work earned him the title of The Father of the Green Revolution. After my own experiences in Iowa and Mexico, I didn’t believe a word of it. It was here in the 1940s and 1950s, as part of a Mexico-Rockefeller Foundation program to raise Mexico’s agricultural productivity, that Borlaug led the development of high-yielding, disease-resistant wheat varieties and trained smallholder farmers, ultimately allowing Mexico to become self-sufficient in wheat. Borlaug liked to recall one strategy that he used: Whenever I reached New Delhi the first question I was asked was: “How are the Mexican wheats doing in Pakistan?” And whenever I reached Lahore the first question was: “How is India doing with the new varieties?”, To each I always answered the same: “They are doing very well, very well indeed. As Borlaug and other plant scientists realized, the use of the term “genetic modification” to apply only to the newest genetic techniques is an unfortunate misnomer because plant scientists had been using crude and laborious techniques to obtain new genetic variants of wheat, corn, and innumerable other crops for decades, if not centuries. M. S. Swaminathan was the "father of the Green revolution".He was an administrator and researcher and researched in various items such as potato,etc.,He was born in kumbakonam in tamilnadu. Ultimately, Borlaug is said to have touched over a billion lives by preventing starvation. Cosmos is published by The Royal Institution of Australia, a charity dedicated to connecting people with the world of science. Norman Borlaug in India and Pakistan – The Father of the Green Revolution. However, the events mentioned are all historically accurate. Borlaug’s ideals and fierce drive are strongly reflected at CIMMYT, the direct successor of the Mexico-Rockefeller Foundation program. How successful were Borlaug’s efforts? But a great deal of work still remains, particularly in South Asia. A practical man, he told his students ‘you can’t eat research papers’. We heard from them all.” In the twenty-first century, they continue to spew their lethal venom. Many of the claims made are either not supported by references, or are based on non-peer reviewed references, including press articles.”. The need for additional agricultural production and the obstacles to innovation remain, and in his later years, Borlaug turned his efforts to ensuring the success of this century’s equivalent of the Green Revolution: the application of gene-splicing, or “genetic modification” (GM), to agriculture. He is the founder of the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation. There is no commodity more essential than food. If our new varieties had been subjected to the kinds of regulatory strictures and requirements that are being inflicted upon the new biotechnology, they would never have become available” [emphasis in original]. Without high-yield agriculture, either millions would have starved or increases in food output would have been realized only through the drastic expansion of land under cultivation—with major losses in pristine wilderness. Improved, CIMMYT-derived wheat is sown on more than 60 million hectares in developing countries – over 70% of the area planted with modern wheat varieties in those nations. In his professional life, Borlaug, who died in 2009 at the age of 95, struggled against prodigious obstacles, including what he called the “constant pessimism and scare-mongering” of critics and skeptics who predicted that, in spite of his efforts, mass starvation was inevitable and hundreds of millions would perish in Africa and Asia. India is an excellent case in point. Borlaug also championed the development and promotion of quality protein maize, for which Eva Villegas, a CIMMYT researcher who had been a Borlaug protégé, and Surinder K. Vasal, a CIMMYT distinguished scientist, won the World Food Prize in 2000. Borlaug had been shocked by what he saw when he arrived at the University of Minnesota as a freshman in the fall of 1933: “I saw these people out there on the streets in the cold, mostly grown men and whole families too, sleeping on newspapers, hands out, asking for a nickel, begging for food. advancing ideas defining a free As remarkable as his scientific and humanitarian accomplishments were, Norman’s modesty, guilelessness, and desire to contribute to society were also among his salient qualities. The maximum yield was 800 pounds-per-acre. First, he and his colleagues laboriously crossbred thousands of wheat varieties from around the world to produce some new ones with resistance to rust, a destructive plant pest; this raised yields 20 to 40 percent. Editor’s Note: The dialogue and descriptions in this article are fictional; they reflect an imaginary, hypothetical interview with Norman Borlaug taking place in 1970. First: “There is no more essential commodity than food. Please support us by making a donation or purchasing a subscription today. Borlaug’s worldview was shaped by his roots and by his experiences as a young man. The region faces enormous challenges including climate change, depletion of natural resources and nutritional security. Typically, he was hard at work in a wheat field on a CIMMYT research station in central Mexico in 1970 when his wife arrived to inform him that he had been awarded the prize.When she shouted the news to him across an irrigation canal he simply acknowledged the information and went back to work. Your gift helps advance ideas that promote a free society. From 1950 to 1992, the world’s grain output rose from 692 million tons produced on 1.70 billion acres of cropland to 1.9 billion tons on 1.73 billion acres of cropland—an extraordinary increase in yield-per-acre of more than 150 percent. It contains inadequate and erroneous documentation. It identifies areas of uncertainty and offers an estimate of how great and how critical that uncertainty is likely to be.”, Borlaug had a great deal of good fortune along his path, in the form of unexpected and unlikely confluences of people and circumstances. Source: Borlaug100.org Neil Chowdhury November 25, 2017 November 26, 2017 Uncategorized 0. It tells us not only what we know but what we don’t know.