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Since the 1970s, the brominated flame retardants (BFRs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) have been used as additive or reactive flame retardants (FRs) in household products including foam furniture, baby products, mattresses, textiles, electronics, food packaging, and housing insulation to meet … Organohalogen Compound 70:855–858, Hale RC, Alaee M, Manchester-Neesvig JB et al (2003) Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the North American environment. Ma J, Addink R, Yun SH et al (2009) Polybrominated dibenzo-, Ma WL, Yun S, Bell EM et al (2013) Temporal trends of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the blood of newborns from New York State during 1997 through 2011: analysis of dried blood spots from the newborn screening program. The acidification of oceans is increasing. 2. 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