The CFT has prepared guides to a variety of teaching topics with summaries of best practices, links to other online resources, and information about local Vanderbilt resources. �w���T�n�T`�A�C�v����z6W��~�P�,z�I���_�Y���s�S�j��� �#>� �,L`���oEq��\M,=U3��4hB���Ѩc��&�!H~:��7�@_iO�N��ʢ�7�I�Et�k.Ȉ!C�z��I� v�B�1{գd��G��r���i�L1Y8�@�@ǘ��G�c�|c�͈��M�S&x��-~*��a��u���DD��U��믣���_?���4��'P����MY����Vixk��^2���ܤA��\N|���`? Guidelines for developing multiple-choice items There are nine primary guidelines for developing multiple-choice items (Gronlund & Linn, 1990; McMillan, 2001). A standard multiple-choice question consists of two standard parts: a problem (stem) and a list of suggested solutions (options). A�$�ȉ>����ýB��r,ܺ,I���SZѰhp>Xc&dm4��p�$��Y�/�ե� p�"�)�2��4�h�Kt�x����'�/>֋o�?x��x^�G*ʺ8��`Ka ��,��n�9�8��orv��/���&M�U��$�#��_��������I**��bjS����q�_�� How can we construct good multiple-choice items? All rights reserved. 1. )��IST�n���v4U��Q�z�M&[���1�d���W�K(��2�P�ė��^�_x_���96|�q�ӎ�hN��$�i{�w��en�D�������n}��w���l� ��. As with “all of the above” answers, a sophisticated test-taker can use partial knowledge to achieve a correct answer. Vanderbilt®, Vanderbilt University®, V Oak Leaf Design®, Star V Design® and Anchor Down® are trademarks of The Vanderbilt University. Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert. Many users regard the multiple-choice item as the most flexible and probably the most effective of the objective item types. 240 0 obj <>stream %PDF-1.6 %���� Site Development: Digital Strategies (Division of Communications) endstream endobj 241 0 obj <>stream The list of options contains one correct or best option (answer) and a number of incorrect or inferior options (distractors). Haladyna, Thomas M. and Downing, S. M.. Validity of a taxonomy of multiple-choice item-writing rules. A standard multiple-choice test item consists of two basic parts: 1) Problem (stem) and 2) List of suggested solutions (alternatives). Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options. Vanderbilt University is committed to principles of equal opportunity and affirmative action. Haladyna, Thomas M. Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2. ��m�Ў���t���(T�wD��}�V!�G��O The stem is best written in the form of a complete question or statement. Guidelines for Constructing Multiple-Choice Items . Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. Guidelines in constructing multiple choice test - Prepare yourself in preparation for the exam, prepare everything to support the success of the test with a few obstacles. �Zm\�'����.SE���7h�A�xS�� w �>!U���-����0>��� �h�0�l��a[!�(жPJ'ZC�߾����0�j�b Z�]%A8���y���A�֪å0�wp!���X�? ����P`� ��� >����|g���x�� W�8����Y0Y@bۜ+Ȣj1�/�=L�6��y�n�e���� ��Q>�sCѹ��g1K~qj>x����ᰰ*��cwh8�8~�P@q(��� Burton, Steven J., Sudweeks, Richard R., Merrill, Paul F., and Wood, Bud. Services for Departments, Programs, and Schools, Blended and Online Learning Design Fellows, Celebration of Learning: An Exhibition of Students as Producers, The Open Classroom: Five Days of Teaching Visit Opportunities 2019, https://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/writing-good-multiple-choice-test-questions/, Additional Guidelines for Multiple Choice Questions, Considerations for Writing Multiple Choice Items that Test Higher-order Thinking, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, Accommodating Student Athletes In the Classroom, Writing Good Multiple Choice Test Questions, About the Teaching & Learning Inquiry Journal, Beyond the Essay: Making Student Thinking Visible in the Humanities, Keeping Stress from Evolving into Distress: A Guide on Managing Student Stress through Course Design, Group work: Using cooperative learning groups effectively, Test-enhanced learning: Using retrieval practice to help students learn, Pedagogy for Professional Schools and Students, Teaching First-Generation College Students, Teaching Beyond the Gender Binary in the University Classroom, Leveraging Travel Abroad: Collecting and Teaching with Authentic Resources, Digital Textbooks: Working with publisher-provided online platforms, Dealing with the Unexpected: Teaching When You or Your Students Can’t Make it to Class, Developing and Writing a Diversity Statement, Creating Accessible Learning Environments, Academic Integrity: Grappling with Cheating and Plagiarism. Morrison, Susan and Free, Kathleen. GUIDELINES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS TESTS Diversity & Inclusive Teaching (Archived), Grant Funding Resources for Educational Initiatives, Place-Based and Project-Based Learning (Archived), Best Practices in Community Engaged Teaching, Teaching with Ecological Footprints (Archived), Challenges and Opportunities of Community Engaged Teaching, One-on-One Teaching & Independent Studies, Tips for Teaching Sustainability (Archived), Connect with Vanderbilt Center for Teaching, Site Development: Digital Strategies (Division of Communications), use similar language (e.g., all unlike textbook language. Following these guidelines increases the validity and reliability of multiple-choice items that one might use for quizzes, homework assignments, and/or examinations. z�G|05@���I��Bv��*���Q6�Ӂ��A;bm@U����ڻ�/Q�|� ��}'EJ�U��ϊ�G{�W Presented at the Science and Technology Education Conference, Hong Kong, June 20-21, 2002. E��!��n��9�&1�TW�p��.0?=���� How to Prepare Better Multiple Choice Test Items: Guidelines for University Faculty, 1991. The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Keep the specific content of items independent of one another. !t�\�#�2��� d���Q��SN��Z�L�]��8Q_��+����q%����A$�Q����@i��0�^-�R�"–��yݡz����N��6eF���O��8K?� What is Service Learning or Community Engagement? Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test. :�!�E����D��������a��̌��*�� ��m����\��$|�-�ٲ����,�>c���^~��tu��Ѳ4K�g7�1�ziF먣�8�3��^^� Kͤ�/~KA��0td->��j���ݿ8ކ�~"�+�#TYr��$�%Cy75N8`B2a�*�t���}Xin%K9���'��M9�.̗�����J�� �y�h��C�`4�*o �y�F�'>^�B�g�?T��'�ce