Due to this reason, the International Union of Pure and Applied chemistry (IUPAC) has devised a very systematic method of naming these compounds. using search above. (ii) Alcohol: Alcohol is another function group which joining to a series of hydrocarbon forms the group of atoms. Reason: Some detergents are not bio-degradable but work well with hard water. In diamond, each carbon atom is bonded to four other carbon atoms to form, (c) a structure in the shape of a football, ► (b) a rigid three-dimensional structure, 22. IUPAC name of first member of homologous series of ketones is, 24. Functional Group and Nomenclature of Hydrocarbons, 5. What is a homologous series? Other physical properties such as solubility in a particular solvent also show a similar gradation. Savita Verma has Registered for 11th on Thursday 26 November 2020 at 03:24 PM, who is a Student. (ii) CH3OH, C2H5OH, C3H7OH and C4H9OH -increasing carbon atoms. This is an example of. Note: Above Examples (A), (B), (C) and (D) are also Homologous series: 4. Complete Previous Year Questions (Part - 2) - Carbon and its Compounds, Information & Computer Technology (Class 10) - Notes & Video, Social Science Class 10 - Model Test Papers, Social Science Class 10 - Model Test Papers in Hindi, English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English Class 10, Class 10 Biology Solutions By Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur, Class 10 Physics Solutions By Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur, Class 10 Chemistry Solutions By Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur, Class 10 Physics, Chemistry & Biology Tips & Tricks. Homologous series is defined as a systematic order of organic compounds having same functional group that can be represented by same general formula and prepared by same method. In the case of a functional group, the ending 'e' in the name of the parent hydrocarbon is replaced by the appropriate suffix. Each member of a homologous series differ from its higher and lower neighbouring members by a common difference of -CH, Molecular masses of the two adjacent homologues differ by 14 mass units, because molecular mass of -CH. This is They show change in physical properties with increase in number of carbon atoms. But carbon also forms bonds with other atoms such as halogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. 38. Hetroatoms: The element which replaces hydrogen in a compound is called hetroatom. 36. Nomenclature of carbon compounds:Carbon compounds can be called by their common names, but, then remembering millions of compounds by their individual names may be very difficult. These four compounds form a homologous series. this is your one stop solution. Therefore, carbon is said to be a very friendly element. That is generally region of chemical reactivity in carbonic atoms. The difference in the formula and molecular masses of CH, 31. 3. 8. PRINCE KUMAR has Registered for 10th on Thursday 26 November 2020 at 02:06 PM, who is a Student. "A series of organic compounds having similar structures similar chemical properties and same general formula in which the successive members differ in their molecular formula by -CH2 group". ", "every chepter is imcomplete....this side is not useful", "10th science ka Lesson-8 ka page no.5 kab take under construction rahega please improve it. Saurabh Kumar has Registered for 12 on Thursday 26 November 2020 at 05:10 PM, who is a Tutor. Q. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. All the members of a homologous series show similar chemical properties. Ranjeet Kumar has Registered for 10 on Friday 27 November 2020 at 12:19 AM, who is a Student. These have at least one benzene ring in their molecules. When ethanoic acid is treated with NaHCO the gas evolved is. How do physical properties change in a homologous series of hydrocarbons?The physical properties of the various members of a homologous series change regularly with an increase in the molecular mass. (i) Melting and boiling points : Melting point and boiling point of hydrocarbon in a homologous series increases with an increase in molecular mass. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. just for education and the Chains, Branches, Rings and Homologous Series - Carbon and its Compounds, Class 10, Science | EduRev Notes images and diagram are even better than Byjus! ► (d) It has no free electrons to conduct electric current. (d) It has no free electrons to conduct electric current. Definition. All the members of the series can be prepared by similar methods known as the general method of preparation.