Socialist Darwinist View Towards Industrial Revolution • Governments should implement policies to ensure the advancement of technology. Bakunin's theories were called anarchism, and they inspired generations of workers who opposed the strong worker-dominated governments advocated by Marx. the industrial revolution was a time when power-driven, AP European History Review 2 nd Semester - . The automation of production definitely changed from before the Industrial Revolution but some aspects still stayed the same. The Revolutions of 1848 were the result of the social, economic, and political stress placed upon Europe during the nineteenth century which caused multiple uprisings to rival the conservative system. Chapter 17. The efforts of Robert Owen and Michael Sadler largely represented influence from the top down: that is, efforts by wealthy or influential men to improve the lot of ordinary workers. … It was a change that spread rapidly widening the gap between the rich and the poor wherever it developed. • Champion of human rights • Famous for writing Les Miserable's and The Hunchback of Notre Dame • Writings criticize the social injustices of Industrial Revolution (i.e., poverty, human suffering, ostracism, alienation of poor, working class.). "The Life of the Industrial Worker in Nineteenth-Century England." The Luddites responded to the Industrial Revolution with direct action: smashing machines. The transformation from the old style of hand made production to the new factory system caused many industries to build factories. In 1831, despite Conservative opposition, the House of Commons passed a reform act that would give more people a vote and would send representatives to Parliament from cities like Manchester. • Capitalists becoming rich at the expense of the poor. Owen's ideas were not popular with most business-people. • Government should not limit this freedom. But the ideas put forward in the petition gained popularity. • sewage in drinking water (cholera outbreaks) • unsanitary streets • over crowding • houses were built near factories- led to slums • family members were living in one room apartments. Also the materials used to produce the cloth, cotton, was the same. Before the Industrial Revolution, women primarily stayed at home. Before the Industrial Revolution, some individuals accumulated fortunes as merchants, buying goods in one place and selling them for a higher price elsewhere, but merchants seldom had a way to spend their money, except to buy gold. european imperialism did not start before the 1800’s. The Industrial Revolution brought many changes to Europe but one of the most notable differences is urbanization. During the Industrial Revolution, people from the countryside flocked to cities and factory towns looking for a better life. "The Return of Karl Marx." • Women treated unfairly and were not considered equal to men on any level. • Less optimistic about human nature than liberalism, Edmund Burke (1729-1797) • Father of Conservatism • Famous Book: Reflections of the Revolution of France (1790). The Industrial Revolution is one of the most significant events in human history and had a profound effect on many nations throughout the world. Nearly all have flat feet, accompanied with a down-tread, differing very widely from the elasticity of action in the foot and ankle, attendant upon perfect formation.… A spiritless and dejected air, a sprawling and wide action of the legs, and an appearance, taken as a whole, giving the world but "little assurance of a man," or if so, "most sadly cheated of his fair proportions.". • child labor • millions of poor working class people working long hours. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Social and Political Impact of the First Phase of the Industrial Revolution. • Elimination of private property, competition, capitalism, and machinery. The increase in population shocked people at the time. Jeremy Bentham(1748-1832) • Godfather of John Stuart Mill. The growth of cities caused by industrialization put in sharp focus how outdated the English parliamentary system had become. Defeated, the national organization that brought the petition dissolved itself in September. • White race or Europeans should control the technology to ensure domination over the other races and countries (who they believed were inferior). Their occupation was a farmer and they generally just worked from home. "The Origins of the Industrial Revolution in England." Anger over being left out of representation was widely felt, and the bishop told Wellington he had heard of plans for a revolt against land owners among the poorest citizens. It is an organized collection of thought or a comprehensive vision as a way of looking at things. The essential idea of unions was that while a single worker had no influence over a factory owner—one worker could easily be dismissed and replaced by another—all of the factory's workers acting together could unite and disrupt a factory's smooth operation by refusing to work unless their demands were met. England's system of providing for the basic needs of the poor, based on an ancient system of rural parishes (subdivisions of counties corresponding to a local church), could not cope with the sudden rise in both the overall population and the concentration of poor people in cities. The Victorian Web: Literature, History, and Culture in the Age of Victoria. (accessed on February 12, 2003). Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. Guest, Richard. • Only socialism could support true freedom. • Wrote essays for them and pamphlets for group. Only people who owned a significant amount of property could vote in parliamentary elections for the House of Commons (no one in the House of Lords was elected; everyone there either inherited a seat as an aristocrat, or became a member by virtue of his position in the Church of England, the official religion). Wrigley, E. A. Continuity, Chance and Change: The Character of the Industrial Revolution in England. why? Romantics Cont. These urban workers shared much in common with serfs, the poor agricultural workers of the Middle Ages who were virtual slaves, owning no property and unable to move elsewhere. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. London: Routledge and K. Paul, 1968. In July 1839, the petition with more than one and a quarter million signatures was presented to Parliament. imperialism is, Political Ideologies I - . origins, The Industrial Revolution [ 1760-1840 ] - . Production became automated or done my machines and required less human labor. • Thought distress of workers and poor was because of competition of human labor with machines. • Saw revolutionaries as radical and disrespectful of tradition institutions, such as Church and state and ignored their own constitution. What Is the Political Impact of the Industrial Revolution. For the prior three years, poor harvests and a sharp slowdown in economic activity created rising tensions, as many people could not afford food. The act required that children aged thirteen to eighteen could not be employed more than twelve hours a day, during which ninety minutes had to be allowed for meal breaks. For the wealthy classes in 1820, the French Revolution was a nightmare they did not want to repeat. Urbanization was certainly a crucial change during the Industrial Revolution but there were still some features that stayed the same. Marxism: This is the political theory of the development of society. However limited in scope, the Reform Act of 1832 was a direct reflection of the widespread changes spurred by the Industrial Revolution. Despite differing views on their historical significance, the Luddites did inspire a new word in the English vocabulary: today, "Luddite" is taken to mean someone who is opposed to new technology. Some habits, occupations, and beliefs stayed the same which impacted how the revolution evolved. I will show, in my opinion, how the rise of liberalism has kept alive modern and contemporary. • Liberals during Industrial Revolution, used his writings in support of capitalism to support their views of freedom, liberty and economics. Each discussed some of the ramifications of the industrial revolution, and the ways in which the government can be re-aligned for greater social prosperity.