Most computers are electronic devices. In theory, you can have 127 different USB devices attached to one computer. Click on one of the user names available and wait for the user to load. You can think of an operating system as the "foundations" of the software in a computer that other programs (called applications) are built on top of. A transistor that is “off” represents the other. Please rate or give feedback on this page and I will make a donation to WaterAid. She piles them up on her formId: '9c7056e1-35be-46e8-8bc4-b801ae56a601', Most people learn by hands on. }); © 2019 Nerds On Call, Inc - All Rights Reserved. Keep it simple. It’s a holding spot for the most relevant and useful information a computer needs in any given moment. When teaching your child how the computer works and how to use it, it is crucial to keep the lessons basic and fun. Explain that these are their files, and any documents they create can be saved in them. Application software gives the computer instructions for doing specific tasks, such as word processing or playing games. sequence of numbers so they run from right to left instead of left to To make sure he got his message about programming across he came up with a few simple strategies that make explaining concepts to kids easy and engaging for both teacher and student. How to Use a Computer. PC makers tend to design and build their own motherboards, but most of the components they use are off-the-shelf and modular. computers can do so many different jobs is what makes them so useful—and that's why millions of us can no longer live and smartphones without caring much how they got there. You’re dealing with kids here, so you should expect to repeat yourself quite a few times. What you are really asking is how to explain to an average 5 years old how computer and TV work so that he understands. cost of millions of dollars apiece; today, most computers are not even You can read more of that story in our article on the history of computers.). Geeks on Site is open & providing both onsite and remote service! As far as how it works: A computer is a piece of equipment with a little brain that can count and spell. The fan prevents overheating, which allows the computer to run for extended periods of time. It will typically have an on switch on the front, along with several ports you can use to plug in a variety of cables (which is a whole separate topic in itself). complex electronic machines they have to pre-program. But people find it hard to work with long number patterns. Your kid probably doesn’t understand the concept of databases or processors, but they do know how a toy box or bookshelf works, and what a brain is for. Web browsers, and so on) running on top of that. radios. Desktop personal computers, or PCs, are used for tasks at the office, at school, and at home. Kaczanowski asked the group questions about computers, databases, and programming languages. The instructions consist of algorithms, which are a series of steps that are used to solve a problem. As its name suggests, this is the brain of a computer—where the real work gets done. What's the difference between hardware and software? her. You probably know that the photo is made up of Last updated: April 12, 2020. There are two parts of your computer which are responsible for memory. This is not a race to teach them. These days, CPUs are actually made up of a number of “cores” which can work together. His work has been featured on various online publications and his short story "Inconvenient Loves" was published in "Royal Style Collections." Each of these layers is relatively independent so, for example, the same Windows operating system might run on laptops running a different BIOS, while a computer running Windows (or another operating system) can run any number of different applications. Show and explain the desktop. Programmers use these languages to write instructions for the computer. "Coding" is her memory; her brain is the processor that works out the solutions We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Are you trying to explain how it works or what it does? Valley Make Their Millions, Battle Foreign Competition, and Still Can't Get a Date, A World of Computers and Coding: Discover Amazing Computers and the Power of Coding, The networking card (also called a Network Interface Card/Controller, NIC, or network adapter), as its name suggests, connects your computer to other machines (or things like printers) in a. Photo by Tom Tschida courtesy of It’s the part of your computer which does the “thinking,” in the form of millions of calculations every second. This is why programs are also called software. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. How did operating systems help? The design called for more than 50,000 moving parts. When teaching your child how the computer works and how to use … Wi-Fi). When teaching your child how the computer works and how to use it, it is crucial to keep the lessons basic and fun. Everything that your computer “knows” but isn’t “thinking about” is stored on the Hard Drive Disk (HDD). Kid: A number. you had to write a program that would read the letters you typed on the Tye Yorkshire has been publishing articles since 2008, with expertise in Web design and search-engine optimization. Output devices include the monitor (or screen), printer, and speakers. Computers use only these two numbers because transistors, like light switches, have only two states—they are either on or off. The fan prevents overheating, which allows the computer to run for extended periods of time. problems—but they are all still, essentially, calculations. As your children get older and older, they will slowly become more interested in computers. They are built into such things as airplanes, robots in factories, cars, and even household appliances. By subscribing to our newsletter, you'll be up to date with the latest Geeks on Site news, tips and tricks from our specialists and special offers. QUE, 2014. The operating system controls how the different parts of hardware work together. To flip a digital photo, the computer simply reverses the Everything Suppose you have a friend who's The instructions tell the computer how to process data. That’s what programmer Tomek Kaczanowski learned as he explained the skill to a group of 6-year-old children, among them his own daughter. Computers use these electric currents to represent the numbers 0 and 1. So when explaining a concept like programming, it’s hugely helpful to make it relatable to what they already know. The computer turns programming languages into the number patterns that it can understand. words, an information processor: it takes in The main processor (central processing unit) is easy to spot because there's typically a large fan sitting right on top of it to cool it down. the problem boils down to numbers and calculations. a web page, involves manipulating numbers in one way or another. Give it a try. So, once again, you probably refer to all your computer components collectively, as “a computer.”. It’s important to understand here that your monitor’s one and only role is to display the data it receives from your computer. There's a lot you can do with a computer, and if you're just getting started it can seem pretty daunting. problem and sticks it in her out tray, ready to post. For example, before you could write a letter on a computer, Ensure you iterate the importance of turning the computer off though when not in use, as the fan will slowly wear out. Occasionally, though, it can help to get a little more specific. Imagine if a computer were a person. There are dangerous voltages inside, especially near the power supply unit, and some components can remain live for quite a time after the power has been turned off. [Accessed (Insert date here)], Photo: NASA runs some of the world's most powerful that the world would need no more than "about five computers." We’ll describe what each part of your computer does, what it looks like and where you’ll find it. To better imagine how a computer works, knowing what’s inside will make it easier. photo-editing program and you decide you want a mirror image of it (in The hard drive disk is permanent storage. They will be required to complete intensive research through the Internet and may want to play games online. battery. Photo: Calculators and computers are very similar, because both work by processing numbers. Back in the 1940s, Thomas Watson, boss of the giant IBM Corporation, reputedly forecast Show them what it looks like by clicking "Start" and hovering over "All Programs.".