1.  As a folk medicine, pepper appears in the Buddhist Samaññaphala Sutta, chapter five, as one of the few medicines a monk is allowed to carry. While they are fruits—botanically classified as berries—they are commonly used as a vegetable ingredient or side dish. Black pepper is native to present-day South India, and is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions. The bell pepper is a fruit because every fruit has seeds therefore making a bell pepper a fruit. Piperine is under study for its potential to increase absorption of selenium, vitamin B12, beta-carotene and curcumin, as well as other compounds. Accessed 11 February 2020. , It is possible that black pepper was known in China in the second century BCE, if poetic reports regarding an explorer named Tang Meng (唐蒙) are correct. Alaric, king of the Visigoths, included 3,000 pounds of pepper as part of the ransom he demanded from Rome when he besieged the city in fifth century. We can all agree peppers are easy, delicious snacks and are a healthy option for our diets, providing us with fibre, vitamins and minerals. From Bostock and Riley's 1855 translation. Pepper spirit is used in many medicinal and beauty products. At that time, black pepper (peppercorns), from the unrelated plant Piper nigrum originating from India, was a highly prized condiment. By the time of the early Roman Empire, especially after Rome's conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE, open-ocean crossing of the Arabian Sea direct to Chera dynasty southern India's Malabar Coast was near routine. The part of the plant that contains seeds is a fruit, so peppers are fruits. Spice mills such as pepper mills were found in European kitchens as early as the 14th century, but the mortar and pestle used earlier for crushing pepper have remained a popular method for centuries, as well. Now that we can all sigh in relief that this mind boggling question has been put to rest lets discuss the easy, gluten free, and delicious meal that is the stuffed pepper. The spice - Pepper comes from a ground form of a peppercorn berry which is from the genus Schinus. Botanically speaking, yes. Any seed-containing part of a plant is its fruit. Change ).  After the fall of Rome, others took over the middle legs of the spice trade, first the Persians and then the Arabs; Innes Miller cites the account of Cosmas Indicopleustes, who travelled east to India, as proof that "pepper was still being exported from India in the sixth century". , Pepper loses flavour and aroma through evaporation, so airtight storage helps preserve its spiciness longer. Figure 1. While fruit and vegetables both count as part of our recommended 5-a-day, fruit and vegetables have distinct differences. For this recipe I went to whole foods to get a few things. This recessive gene is overwritten in the Mexibelle pepper, a hybrid variety of bell pepper that produces small amounts of capsaicin (and is thus mildly pungent).  Cultivars of the plant produce fruits in different colours, including red, yellow, orange, green, white, and purple. NDTV Food Desk | Updated: July 31, 2017 16:33 IST, Surprise, Surprise! You can sign in to vote the answer. What do the words bell, sweet, jalapeno, shishito, pimento and poblano have in common? Green pepper, like black pepper, is made from unripe drupes. The taste for pepper (or the appreciation of its monetary value) was passed on to those who would see Rome fall. Look no further, because the answer is, peppers are technically both! Returning from India, the ships travelled up the Red Sea, from where the cargo was carried overland or via the Nile-Red Sea canal to the Nile River, barged to Alexandria, and shipped from there to Italy and Rome. The traditional view among historians is that "sauce-betel" is a sauce made from betel leaves, but arguments have been made that it actually refers to pepper, either long or black..  In addition, people of the time certainly knew that eating spoiled food would make them sick. The heat ruptures cell walls in the pepper, speeding the work of browning enzymes during drying. These definitions have their own purposes. Do your prefer mashed potatoes & gravy, stuffing, or green bean casserole? For the 1929 German film, see, "Capsicum annuum (Grossum Group) (Bell Pepper, Red pepper, Sweet Pepper) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox", "Dictionary of American Regional English", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bell_pepper&oldid=990743418, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 07:19. http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201009... --->> Tips---> https://trimurl.im/f27/is-pepper-a-fruit-or-vegeta... How do you think about the answers? " They decay quickly if not dried or preserved, making them unsuitable for international shipping. Pliny the Elder's Natural History tells us the prices in Rome around 77 CE: "Long pepper ... is 15 denarii per pound, while that of white pepper is seven, and of black, four." 1 Therefore, botanically speaking, a ‘fruit’ is the seed-bearing product that grows from the ovary of a flowering plant or, in other words, a fruit is the plants’ way of spreading its’ seeds. Botanical vs culinary definition of a pepper, So, why can we classify peppers in two different ways, when it confuses us all? The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas with the Spanish granted Portugal exclusive rights to the half of the world where black pepper originated. Pennington JAT & Fisher RA (2009). It finds occasional use in other cuisines in salads, light-coloured sauces and mashed potatoes as a substitute for black pepper, because black pepper would visibly stand out. Get your answers by asking now.  Little else is known about the use of pepper in ancient Egypt and how it reached the Nile from South Asia. A. fruit in the culinary sense is ordinarily sweet or at least acidic. This site complies with the Health on the Net Foundation Code for trustworthy health information: Verify here. Details of this trading across the Indian Ocean have been passed down in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Most people think of squash as a vegetable because it is usually prepared like one. Producing 36% of the world total in 2018, Vietnam is the largest producer and exporter of pepper. Bell peppers (and other cultivars of Capsicum annuum) may be used in the production of the spice paprika. Black pepper (or perhaps long pepper) was believed to cure several illnesses, such as constipation, insomnia, oral abscesses, sunburn, and toothaches, among others. ", "Cleaner technology for white pepper production", "Phylogeny and Patterns of Floral Diversity in the Genus Piper (Piperaceae)", "Pepper (piper spp. Peppercorns are small black, white or green dried hard berries with a pungent flavor, that are most often ground for use. Marco Polo testifies to pepper's popularity in 13th-century China, when he relates what he is told of its consumption in the city of Kinsay (Hangzhou): "... Messer Marco heard it stated by one of the Great Kaan's officers of customs that the quantity of pepper introduced daily for consumption into the city of Kinsay amounted to 43 loads, each load being equal to 223 lbs.