Position 3 of the minor scale contains two root notes, found on strings 5 and 2. Remember we won’t change any of the notes. Start playing this pattern from the root note on string 5 and progress through all notes ascending and descending. Like the major scale, it, too, is a diatonic scale consisting of 7 notes and an octave note. There are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic. Note that the pattern in the first and last diagrams are the same, only the first uses open strings. This is why the diagrams reference intervals rather than actual note names of the scale. The root note will act as an anchor point for you to become familiar with each scale position and be able to quickly identify and locate any scale position on the neck. The natural minor scale is one of the most used scales in western music. If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. Page 1, Minor scale basics . The natural minor scale can be thought of as a major scale with the 3rd 6th and 7th notes lowered by one half step. In this lesson we’ll break down the minor scale and it’s qualities and take a look at how it is applied to the fretboard. The above exercises are designed to help you understand the concept of whole steps, half steps, and the natural minor scale formula. As an Amazon Associate and Guitar Tricks affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases.This helps cover costs of maintaining this website. When playing this pattern, start with the root note on string 4 and progress through the scale ascending and descending across the fretboard, making sure to play all notes in this position. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Always begin and end on the lowest root note. C Natural Minor Scale Fretboard Diagrams C Natural Minor Scale 3 Notes Per String Fretboard Diagrams. There is a method that’s used for understanding the fretboard called the CAGED system. If we then go to the 6th degree, and keep the same pattern; that means, don’t change any of the notes. scale basics Notice that when you play the full scale, on the way up it feels like it is pulling towards the top C, in this case. Minor keys are great for songwriting, improvisation and changing textures and moods within songs. A Natural Minor Scale Patterns. beginner , minor scale , natural minor. The notes that make up guitar scales exist all over the fretboard. That is, the 3rd of the major scale is 2 whole steps away from the root. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. To build a D natural minor scale, starting on D, we take a whole step to E. Next, we take a half step to F. From F, a whole step takes us to G. Another whole step takes us to A. Begin playing this pattern starting with the root note on string 6 and progress through all the notes. For a visual helper check out the circle of fifths. Finally, we change the scale degrees to reflect the change to the relative minor. -  Designed by Thrive Themes The A minor scale is called the relative minor scale of the C major scale. The scale positions aren’t independent of each other, but rather are connected by shared notes between each position. What When you look There are three types of minor scales: natural, harmonic, and melodic. You learned that the major scale follows a pattern of whole and half steps. Begin by memorizing these patterns. This scale has a very tragic and dramatic character. Let’s do a quick recap of the three types of minor scales. I know that many people feel that being happy all of the time seems like a good idea. Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7, Page 3, Major is minor and minor is major, Minor Pentatonic Scale Fluency available from Amazon. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. Scale Formula: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; Scale Intervals: W H W W H W W; Guitar Neck Scale Diagrams: C Natural Minor. So, when we say minor, natural minor is understood. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[4]='FREQ';ftypes[4]='radio';fnames[3]='FLOCATION';ftypes[3]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); Tags: at the comparison of C major and C minor below, you will see In musical terms we say that the scales are relative to each other. This is the same key signature as the key of Ab major. This site contains affiliate links. Pentatonic Scale Fluency available from Amazon. It's all tied together. Next, we’ll do the same thing one octave higher, on the 3rd string. The formula for a natural minor scale is 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7. And, the inverse is also true, every minor scale has a major scale that’s related to it. Ed Lozano is a professional guitarist, instructor, producer and published author. Receive The Book of Scales when you sign-up for lesson & site updates. This formula can be applied to any note and by using the W H W W H W W formula, you can create a natural minor scale. That’s because there are other minor scales and there’s a list in the “Closing Thoughts” section. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard . Compare the neck diagram of the two scales and notice the position of the 3rd, 6th, and 7th intervals between the two. So the formula in semitones = 2 1 2 2 1 2 2. So what makes this scale different? From G to A is a whole step (2 semitones) (G – G# – A), From A to B♭ is a half step (1 semitone) (A – B♭), From B♭ to C is a whole step (B♭ – B – C). This is also only one of the minor scale sounds. Begin playing this position from the root note on the 5th string. If you were looking closely at each scale position, you may have noticed a relationship between a given position and the position adjacent to it. This brings us to the major scale formula: In order to understand the concept of whole-steps and half steps, especially as it relates to the natural minor scale, We need to create a one-string A natural minor scale. The root notes in this position are found on strings 6, 5, and 1. These patterns hold true for any minor scale. Natural minors: 1. are the same ascending and descending 2. Till next time. I encourage you to continue your exploration. The following songs wouldn’t exist: While My Guitar Gently Weeps (The Beatles), All Along the Watchtower (Bob Dylan/Jimi Hendrix). That means that both scales share the same root. is minor and minor is major What is the minor scale? Minor scales provide a darker, and often more complex sound than major scales. Thanks for reading. In comparing the minor scale to the major scale, you see that the minor scale is consists of a flat 3rd, 6th, and 7th interval. and what is different between the 2 scales. C minor Using A harmonic minor as an example, it means raising the 7th note, G natural, by a semitone to G# as shown below. The following five patterns are based on the CAGED system and are the foundation for scale playing. Here's the one for the natural minor scale: And here's what the C natural minor scale looks like: If you're looking at the formula for the natural minor scale above and thinking to yourself “I've seen this before” then you're on to something! With the root on the 6th string, you can form the following patterns. I encourage you to check out my “The Major Scale” article for more information on The Musical Alphabet, Steps and Intervals, and other terms that you may be unfamiliar with. The minor scale positions in the sections above are derived from the CAGED system and span two octaves. minor and the minor scale formula, © 1999-2020 Cyberfret.com Free Online Guitar Lessons, Minor Other variations of the minor scale are: I hope that you continue your journey and I appreciate you taking a moment and checking out this article. Natural minor scale formula. The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. As before with the major scales, you can figure out any natural minor scale (or any scale for that matter) by knowing it's ‘interval formula'. These numbers are what is known as the "scale formula". They’re songs that cover a range of topics, themes and ideas. We were at the 6th degree of the C major scale which is A and we’re going to keep the same notes from the C major scale except that the A is now the root of the natural minor. The minor scale produces a tonality that is more dark and sad than that of the major scale.