Energy is provided through the use of gas, electricity, solar power and steam. Energy is needed to heat and light up the premises, make the machinery work and to ensure that the organisation is a comfortable place for the employees to work in. Non-Financial Methods to Improve Employee Performance and Motivation, Internal and External Influences on Corporate Objectives, Social Change: Consumer Lifestyles and Buying Behaviour, BTEC National Business Unit 3 Revision Flashcards, Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u. Neil Kokemuller has been an active business, finance and education writer and content media website developer since 2007. Reasons for department in an organization. The functions of different organizational structures are to govern a company’s efficiencies and productivity. I thought about the science I was doing, of course. This is because being grouped together allows the functions to benefit from specialisation and division of labour. marketing department, accounts department and so on. Without an administrative department, customer complaints would not be resolved, customer orders may not be processed, and the workforce may not … Exam boards: AQA, Edexcel, OCR, IB. For example a restaurant will need to know what ingredients are necessary for each dish, what quantity of ingredient to use, how to mix each ingredient and how long (if at all) to cook each dish. This involves dealing with all administrative tasks including mail handling, dealing with enquiries/complaints, catering, and computer services. Marketing, sales and customer service are primary front-office functions. The Sales Department’s selling strategy could involve mail shots, travelling sales representatives, telephone sales and devising the sales interview. is the machines and tools needed to produce the product or service. 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Jim is a well-known Business writer and presenter as well as being one of the UK's leading educational technology entrepreneurs. This function although not always recognised as vital, is the glue that holds the organisation together. A business is normally organised by its functions, e.g. He has been a college marketing professor since 2004. This will enable the organisation to reduce costs, increase profitability and remain ahead of the competition. The finance department or unit may also be responsible for administering employee expenses and salaries. This physical capital is purchased through financial capital such as loans, sale of shares in the organisation and use of profit generated by the organisation. To achieve common objectives, communication across the various functions is key. View Organizational Departments Descriptions and Job Descriptions.pdf from ECON 12 at University of San Carlos - Main Campus. These departments research and develop solutions, promote them to targeted prospects and then provide customer service to drive loyal relationships. NB Factors of production have also been classified into land, labour, capital and enterprise. This is because being grouped together allows the functions to benefit from specialisation and division of labour. In this type of classification natural resources such as water, coal and farm land are grouped together as land. In fact labour is any effort/task an employee undertakes in order to produce the product or service. The marketing department will then need to marry consumer preferences with producing a product that is profitable. 214 High Street, HR, finance, IT and warehousing all fit into this category. A business is normally organised by its functions, e.g. These departments will specialise, employing people with expertise in these areas. Materials in their raw form are needed to produce the product or service. Tension sometimes exist in companies where support functions receive lower budgets and deal with constant cost-control measures. Without an administrative department, customer complaints would not be resolved, customer orders may not be processed, and the workforce may not have the tools they need to complete their tasks. forms, stationary, and newsletters) for the organisation and maintain the organisation’s premises and equipment. Labour is the mental and physical effort of employees and can take a variety of forms including filing, lifting, data processing, decision making, and line management. For example a restaurant will need ingredients to make the food that they serve to their customers. Thomas Northcut/Digital Vision/Getty Images. The starting point for communication is the creation of a clear set of company objectives which each function is aware of. They will also produce documents (e.g. Sales are responsible for persuading the consumer to purchase the end product, manufactured through marketing’s research. Organisations utilise labour, capital, energy, materials and information to produce products. In effective organisations each of the functions will work together so that the whole of the organisation are aiming towards the same objectives. Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. They will also produce documents (e.g. … Company leaders allocate significant budgets to these departments. A business whose decision-making comes from one place only is known as a centralised organisation. how each function is performing against its objectives and, how the company is performing against its overall objective. It’s often a chain of command in business and how hierarchies and each department are structured that make it productive – or not. Front-office or front-end organizational functions are those directly connected with customers. This function although not always recognised as vital, is the glue that holds the organisation together. This would be coordinated by a Head Office, where all the major decisions are made. This means that there is more opportunity to react to the changing marketplace (one of the advantages of a small firm). Back-office functions support front-office activities, but they do so behind the scenes. Written by Karin Weigelt, Ph.D. Whilst enterprise, are all the factors which bring together land, labour and capital to produce the end product. Larger businesses might have a number of businesses within the whole company. West Yorkshire, This will involve developing staff to maximise their potential in a manner that furthers the organisation's objectives. Normally Head Office will decide on the major elements of strategy, no matter where the manufacturing plants and sales teams are positioned around the country or globe. The marketing department will research customer needs to develop strategy and product to satisfy that customer need. LS23 6AD, Tel: +44 0844 800 0085 These objectives then need to be further broken down into specific objectives for each function. Marketing, sales and customer service are primary front-office functions.