In addition to the verbs listed in the table above, all pronominal verbs take ‘être’ in the perfect tense. 16th August 2020. I haven’t been able to find out a definitive answer as to who came up with these mnemonic devices; so if anyone knows where they first came from, please feel free to let me know in the comments! privacy. In the first post about the perfect tense, I gave a description of what you need to form this tense. The perfect tense with ‘avoir’ The majority of verbs in the perfect tense use ‘avoir’ and their past participle. See the notes on the conjugation of être at the end of this page. le livre que nous cherchons. Thanks for reading, I’ll be back next time with the perfect tense in Spanish. Watch this episode of Horrible Histories to find out more (BBC iPlayer, Series 6, Episode 5). You can also share photos of your work or any French memes (mèmes) or jokes (blagues) that you might find to us at: mflwordpress@clf.uk. , Your email address will not be published. and ESSE (êtes and other forms; cf Spanish ser). Paris, a guide to the French regions and their tourist attractions. See: when to use avoir and être. *. – She stayed at home/her house/hers. To remember them, learn the first letter of each word: MRS VAN DE TRAMP. Nous sommes partis à quinze heures. This means that you must agree the past participle with the pronoun/subject, adding an ‘e’ for feminine and an ‘s’ for plural. Here’s a quick recap followed by the extra step you need to take for verbs that use ‘être’ as their auxiliary: To form the perfect tense in French, you need three parts; the subject, the auxiliary verb and the past participle. To remove this message, click, aller, Proverbe de la semaine (Proverb of the Week). Instead we can either translate it as ‘I have been’ (English present perfect tense), or more simply as, ‘I went’ (English simple past tense). mine of information about life and living in France, including working If you have any questions about any of the videos or work from this lesson, email your teacher for advice. Once you're happy with forming the perfect tense of -er verbs, here are some other things to look at: Forming the past participle (and thus the perfect tense) of other verbs. Some verbs have irregular past participles: The key difference between avoir verbs and the être verbs is that when using être, the past participle agrees with the subject of the verb, in gender and number: Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. I did this because learners can quite often find it easier to understand this tense when it … verb. Make I split the perfect tense explanation up into two blog posts. They are usually verbs that involve movement, such as aller (to go), arriver (to arrive), sortir (to go out) and partir (to leave). entouré de ses gardes. More Perfect Tense with Être: Use the correct part of the verb être with the following verbs. There is an extra step when forming the perfect tense with verbs that take ‘être’, you must also agree the participle. An important question for French learners is, ‘how do I know which verbs take ‘être’ as their auxiliary in the perfect tense?’ The good news is that there are established methods in place to help you learn this. commonly occurring French verb forms. For the last mnemonic device, as far as I understand it, the idea is to draw a house (including the interior) and to write examples of the ‘être’ verbs in the perfect tense on the image. The être conjugation tables below show how to form the French verb être according to tense and person. There are certain French verbs which require être as the auxiliary verb in the passé composé and other compound tenses, and students sometimes have a hard time remembering them. To form the past participles of ‘er’ verbs: 1. drop the ‘er’ 2. add ‘é’ Example: regarder (to watch) > regardé (watched) To form the past participles of ‘ir’ verbs: 1. drop the ‘r’ Example: finir (to finish) > fini (finished) To form the past participles of ‘re’ verbs: 1. drop the ‘re’ 2. add ‘u’ Example: attendre (to wait) > attendu (waited) Examples J’ai acheté son cadeau d’anniversaire. In my experience, DR MRS VAN DETRAMP seems to be the most common mnemonic device in use but it isn’t the only one. Mnemonic Devices for Learning Être Verbs: Dr and Mrs Vandertramp . I split the perfect tense explanation up into two blog posts. Read about our approach to external linking. such as the perfect tense of The two most common reasons I have come across for learners finding this tense difficult are as follows: either because of confusion when agreeing the past participle (for verbs that take ‘être’), or because a student is trying to translate the meaning of the auxiliary ‘être’ literally. Less common verbs that sometimes use avoir and sometimes use être This means that instead of starting with j’ai, we use je suis to describe what I did. You will probably recognise je suis allé(e) which means I went. towns, departments, regions, climate, wine areas and other themes. Various forms of the verb être are among the most theoretically be formed, though to all intents and purposes these are never used in modern French. J’ai choisi une robe bleue. To listen to the pronunciation of a given tense of être, click on the loudspeaker icon at the bottom of the table. pluperfect subjunctive - can When I was at school, my teacher used a mnemonic device to help us remember: DR MRS VANDETRAMP. The key elements needed to form the perfect tense with être are: Regular past participles are formed by removing the infinitive ending -er, -ir or -re and adding -é, -i or -u. Now complete the worksheet on the Perfect Tense with être verbs. – We left at 3.00pm.  2003 - 2019, We respect your If you wish to learn about this as an extra challenge, you can visit this site to learn more and practise it: BBC Bitesize Reflexive Verbs Test questions, We hope you’ve enjoyed today’s lesson. Thoughts on #TimeToTalkDay and #ChildrensMentalHealthWeek. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. They are usually verbs that involve movement, such as, The key elements needed to form the perfect tense with, , etc, or a name or a person or thing, eg, The auxiliary verb - the present tense of, Regular past participles are formed by removing the, , the past participle agrees with the subject of the verb, in. I bought her birthday gift. To remember them, learn the first letter of each word: MRS VAN DE TRAMP. Reflexive verbs also use être. In the phrase convenir à meaning to suit, the perfect tense is formed with avoir. However, for 16 verbs we use être instead. They are usually verbs that involve movement, such as aller (to go), arriver (to arrive), sortir (to go out) and partir (to leave). advertisements. The pluperfect is used to talk about actions far back in the past such as events that have happened. Award-winning tutorials, tips and advice on GCSE French coursework and exams for students, parents and teachers. pronominal or "reflexive" verbs and of They are usually verbs that involve movement, such as, The key elements needed to form the perfect tense with, , etc, or a name or a person or thing, eg, The auxiliary verb - the present tense of, Regular past participles are formed by removing the, , the past participle agrees with the subject of the verb, in. The être conjugation tables below show how to form the French verb être according to tense and person. e.g.