Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... You may know the difference between a piano and a grand piano, but is a synthesizer a keyboard that can change sizes? The word means roughly ‘small steps.’ The ‘trio’ comes from the Baroque meaning ‘for three voices.’ “Retaining its dance character even when it was called scherzo, the minuet was…the most recalcitrant of these early forms, the most resistant to transformation” (Rosen Sonata Forms, 120). A minuet has three beats in a bar and generally moves along at a leisurely pace. The last movement was a rondo (consisting of a regular alternation of two…, …dance medium and became a scherzo, a quick, light movement usually related to the minuet in form. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Scherzo, plural scherzos or scherzi, in music, frequently the third movement of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet; also, in the Baroque era (c. 1600–c. ( Log Out / Scherzo & Trio Form. It was introduced by Beethoven, and follows a similar structure to the minuet elucidated above. In symphonies, sonatas, and string quartets of the 19th century, the scherzo replaced the 18th-century minuet. Sort fact from fiction while testing the "size" of your knowledge of instruments. After 1800, Beethoven and other politically-minded composers replaced the aristocratic "Minuet" with a heavier "folk-derived" dance in 6/8 meter called a scherzo (which means "a common joke" in Italian), creating a similar design called Scherzo and Trio form (the standard 3rd movement form of the late Classic period). Both the minuet and scherzo contain a contrasting section, the trio, following which the minuet or scherzo returns according to the format ABA. Premium Membership is now 50% off. Scherzos grew out of, and eventually replaced minuets. The precise definition has varied over the years, but scherzo often refers to a movement that replaces the minuet as the third movement in a four-movement work, such as a symphony, sonata, or string quartet. ( Log Out / Corrections? A few facts about minuets: minuets were rustic French dances that King Louis XIV elevated to court popularity around 1650. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Rondo Form in Music: Definition & Examples, Theme & Variation in Music: Definition, Form & Examples, Introduction to World Religions: Help and Review, NYSTCE Music (075): Practice and Study Guide, DSST Introduction to World Religions: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Humanities: Certificate Program, Introduction to World Religions: Certificate Program, Introduction to Music: Certificate Program, UExcel Introduction to Music: Study Guide & Test Prep, Humanities Survey for Teachers: Professional Development, Geography 101: Human & Cultural Geography, Biological and Biomedical Beethoven wrote scherzos for nearly all of his nine symphonies, although he used the label only in the second and the third. In this way,…. ( Log Out / ... Minuet-Scherzo for Solo Euphonium - Duration: 6:10. Omissions? Change ). The scherzo or minuet is characterized by “classic dance spirit.” Earlier sonatas included more minuets; later sonatas tended to scherzos. Its fairylike scherzo, which incorporates part of a Scottish folk song, exemplifies the delicate moods that Mendelssohn excelled in creating. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The term can also refer to a fast-moving humorous composition that may or may not be part of a larger work. Noah Centers 373 views. A later Romantic example is Paul Dukas’s The Sorcerer’s Apprentice, a “scherzo based on a ballad of Goethe,” and in the early 20th century Igor Stravinsky wrote his Scherzo à la Russe, set first for jazz band and later for full orchestra. Scherzo and Minuet: The scherzo and the minuet are musical compositions that share some similarities in meter and form, and they are usually played as the third movement of a sonata. Black Friday Sale! The other movements are well developed, the many contrasting themes integrated contrapuntally and extended with interesting modulations. Mendelssohn's scherzos are light and fairly like, Brahms are full of rough energy and Chopin's are intense and full of changing moods: A midsummer nights dream - Mendelssohn, E Flat Scherzo - Brahms, any of Chopin's four scherzos. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A standard movement type introduced as a replacement for the Minuet and Trio in the Sonata Cycle. 1750), a light vocal or instrumental piece (e.g., the Scherzi musicali of Claudio Monteverdi, 1607), and, in the 19th century, an independent orchestral composition. Scherzos are characterized by “ vigorous rhythm, a certain abruptness of thought involving elements of surprise and whim, and a character of bustling humor which may veer from the playful to the ominous” (Apel Harvard Dictionary of Music, 664). The scherzo or minuet is characterized by “classic dance spirit.” Earlier sonatas included more minuets; later sonatas tended to scherzos. Louis XIV "The Sun King" A few facts about minuets: minuets were rustic French dances that King Louis XIV elevated to court popularity around 1650.